Tag Archives: licensing rate

NSF IPA Metrics 1974-78

Beginning in 1974, the NSF ran an Institutional Patent Agreement (IPA) program until IPAs were shut down in 1978 as ineffective and counter to public policy. Bayh-Dole, one among a number of attempts, replaced the lost IPA programs in 1981. … Continue reading

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Political bluffing as Bayh-Dole policy advice, 2

This, then, is the “policy” of Bayh-Dole that Allen champions–that nonprofits can and should deal in patent monopolies. Some historical bluffing from Allen’s policy advice (his emphasis): At that time the federal government funded about half of the R&D in … Continue reading

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